Course Outline
Join PRO

What is a checking account?

Harold Averkamp, CPA, MBA

Definition of Checking Account

A checking account is a bank account in which a company deposits money and can subsequently withdraw the money by writing a check, using a debit card, arranging for electronic transfers, etc. Except for the uncollected funds associated with recently deposited checks from customers, the money in a checking account is available on demand. (This is why banks refer to the amounts in their customers’ checking accounts as demand deposits.)

The balances in checking accounts are considered to be money and are reported on the company’s balance sheet as part of the current asset cash. (A bank’s balance sheet lists the total amount of its customers’ checking account balances as a current liability.)

As part of its internal controls, a company should reconcile the checking account balance in its general ledger account with the balance in the bank’s records. This process is known as the bank reconciliation.

Examples of Checking Accounts

Companies often have several checking accounts. For example, it may have a separate checking account for each of the following:

  • Payroll checks or direct deposits for employees’ pay
  • Customer remittances of amounts due to the company
  • Paying vendors and others

Checking accounts must be authorized by an officer of the business and will specify the employees that are authorized check signers.

Join PRO to Track Progress
Must-Watch Video

Advance Your Accounting and Bookkeeping Career

  • Perform better at your job
  • Get hired for a new position
  • Understand your small business
  • Pass your accounting class
Watch the Video

Join PRO or PRO Plus and Get Lifetime Access to Our Premium Materials

Read all 2,645 reviews



PRO Plus

Lifetime Access (One-Time Fee)
Word Scrambles
Bookkeeping Video Training
Financial Statements Video Training
Visual Tutorials
Quick Tests
Quick Tests with Coaching
Cheat Sheets
Business Forms
All PDF Files
Progress Tracking
Earn Badges and Points
Certificate - Debits and Credits
Certificate - Adjusting Entries
Certificate - Financial Statements
Certificate - Balance Sheet
Certificate - Income Statement
Certificate - Cash Flow Statement
Certificate - Working Capital
Certificate - Financial Ratios
Certificate - Bank Reconciliation
Certificate - Payroll Accounting

About the Author

Harold Averkamp

For the past 52 years, Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has
worked as an accounting supervisor, manager, consultant, university instructor, and innovator in teaching accounting online. He is the sole author of all the materials on

Learn More About Harold

Certificates of

Certificates of Achievement

We now offer 10 Certificates of Achievement for Introductory Accounting and Bookkeeping:

  • Debits and Credits
  • Adjusting Entries
  • Financial Statements
  • Balance Sheet
  • Income Statement
  • Cash Flow Statement
  • Working Capital and Liquidity
  • Financial Ratios
  • Bank Reconciliation
  • Payroll Accounting
Badges and Points
  • Work towards and earn 30 badges
  • Earn points as you work towards completing our course
View PRO Plus Features
Course Outline
Take the Tour Join Pro Upgrade to Pro Plus