Free Guide to
Bookkeeping Concepts

Accounting Bookkeeping Concepts PDF Cover

Receive our free 18-page Guide to Bookkeeping Concepts (PDF) when you subscribe to our free newsletter.

You are already subscribed. This offer is not available to existing subscribers.
Step 2: Please check your email and click the confirmation link.

290,896
Subscribers

Questions & Answers (Q&A)

Q&A Archive (1,098)

What is obsolete inventory?

Definition of Obsolete Inventory Obsolete inventory refers to products that a company had purchased or produced which cannot be sold. The obsolete items may be the result of one or more of the following: Innovations that make the products worthless, inconvenient, unattractive,… Read More.

What are gains?

Definition of Gains In financial accounting, gains often pertain to some of a company’s transactions which occur outside of the company’s main business activities. Transactions which are outside of a company’s main business activities are referred to as nonoperating activities. Gain vs… Read More.

What are wages payable?

Definition of Wages Payable Wages payable refers to the wages that a company's employees have earned, but have not yet been paid. Under the accrual method of accounting, this amount is likely recorded with an adjusting entry at the end of the… Read More.

What is an unfavorable variance?

Definition of a Variance In accounting the term variance usually refers to the difference between an actual amount and a planned or budgeted amount. For example, if a company's budget for repairs expense is $50,000 and the actual amount ends up being… Read More.

What is a post-dated cheque?

Definition of a Post-dated Check A post-dated cheque (or postdated check) is a check written with a future date. Example of a Post-dated Check To illustrate, let's assume that on May 22 Jim owes a supplier $2,000 for purchases made 40 days… Read More.

What is a product cost?

Definition of a Retailer's Product Cost In accounting, a retailer’s product cost is the cost paid to a supplier plus any other costs that are necessary to get the product in place and ready for sale. For example, if a retailer pays… Read More.

What is a special journal?

Definition of a Special Journal A special journal (also known as a specialized journal) is useful in a manual accounting or bookkeeping system to reduce the tedious task of recording both the debit and credit general ledger account names and amounts in… Read More.

What is a favorable variance?

Definition of a Variance In accounting the term variance usually refers to the difference between an actual amount and a planned or budgeted amount. For example, if a company's budget for supplies expense is $30,000 and the actual amount is $28,000 or… Read More.

What is a flexible budget variance?

Definition of Flexible Budget and Flexible Budget Variance First, a flexible budget is a budget in which some amounts will increase or decrease when the level of activity changes. A flexible budget variance is the difference between 1) an actual amount, and… Read More.

How do you calculate ending inventory?

Physically Counting the Items in Inventory One method for calculating the cost of a company's ending inventory is to 1) physically count the quantity of each of the items in inventory and then 2) multiply those quantities by each item's actual unit… Read More.