Free Guide to
Bookkeeping Concepts

Accounting Bookkeeping Concepts PDF Cover

Receive our free 18-page Guide to Bookkeeping Concepts (PDF) when you subscribe to our free newsletter.

You are already subscribed. This offer is not available to existing subscribers.
Step 2: Please check your email and click the confirmation link.

285,187
Subscribers

What is the double entry system?

Definition of Double Entry System
The double entry system of accounting or bookkeeping means that for every business transaction, amounts must be recorded in a minimum of two accounts. The double entry system also requires that for all transactions, the amounts entered as debits must be equal to the amounts entered as credits.

Example of a Double Entry System
To illustrate double entry, let's assume that a company borrows $10,000 from its bank. The company's Cash account must be increased by $10,000 and a liability account must be increased by $10,000. To increase an asset, a debit entry is required. To increase a liability, a credit entry is required. Hence, the account Cash will be debited for $10,000 and the liability Loans Payable will be credited for $10,000.

Double Entry Keeps the Accounting Equation in Balance
Double entry also means that the accounting equation (assets = liabilities + owner's equity) will always be in balance. In our example, the accounting equation remained in balance because both assets and liabilities were each increased by $10,000.