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How do I record exterior cement work? Is it an asset or an expense?

If the cement work was done to repair or maintain existing cement work, then the expenditure should be recorded as an expense. Even if the cost is very large, repairs and maintenance must be expensed. The cost of repairs or maintenance cannot be recorded as an asset.

If the cement work is an addition or an improvement (more than repairing or maintaining existing cement work), the cost of the cement work is viewed as a new asset. If the amount is significant, you should record the expenditure as an asset and then depreciate the cost over the useful life. However, if the amount of the addition or the improvement is relatively small, the accounting concept of materiality allows you to expense the entire amount immediately.