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The balance sheet and income statement are connected.

Harold Averkamp, CPA, MBA

Definition of Balance Sheet and Income Statement

The balance sheet reflects the accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s (Stockholders’) Equity

When a company earns revenues by performing services for cash, its assets increase and its owner’s equity increases. When the company pays cash for an advertisement expense, its assets decrease and its owner’s equity decreases.

In accounting and bookkeeping there is a separate financial statement known as the income statement that reports the revenues, expenses, gains, and losses that are recorded in income statement accounts.

This allows the balance sheet account Owner’s Capital (or Retained Earnings) to avoid having all of the thousands or millions of revenue and expense transactions from appearing. Instead, only the bottom line of the income statement, net income, needs to appear in the the owner’s equity account.

Example of the Connection Between the Balance Sheet and Income Statement

Our Explanation of Accounting Equation contains a series of transactions to illustrate the connection between the income statement and the balance sheet for both a sole proprietorship and a corporation.

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About the Author

Harold Averkamp

For the past 52 years, Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has
worked as an accounting supervisor, manager, consultant, university instructor, and innovator in teaching accounting online. He is the sole author of all the materials on

Learn More About Harold

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  • Debits and Credits
  • Adjusting Entries
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  • Balance Sheet
  • Income Statement
  • Cash Flow Statement
  • Working Capital and Liquidity
  • Financial Ratios
  • Bank Reconciliation
  • Payroll Accounting
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