To illustrate, let's assume that a retailer purchases an item for resale by paying $20 to the supplier. The item is purchased FOB shipping point, which means that the retailer must pay the freight from the supplier to its location. If that freight cost is $1, then the retailer's inventoriable cost is $21. Assuming this is the only item in the retailer's inventory, the retailer's balance sheet will report inventory at a cost of $21. When the item is sold, the retailer's inventory will decrease by $21 and the $21 will be reported on the income statement as the cost of goods sold.
In the case of a manufacturer, a product's inventoriable costs are the costs of the direct materials, direct labor and manufacturing overhead incurred in manufacturing the product.
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