Here are some specific examples when only the left side of the accounting equation is affected. 1) A customer cannot pay an amount it owes and provides the company with a notes receivable. The company's asset Accounts Receivable will decrease and its asset Notes Receivable will increase. 2) A company prepays its insurance. As a result its asset Cash decreases and its asset Prepaid Insurance increases. 3) A company buys equipment for cash. The asset Cash decreases and the asset Equipment increases.
Here are some transactions that will affect only the right side of the accounting equation. 1) A company refinances its short-term debt with long-term debt. Short-term liabilities will decrease and long-term liabilities will increase. 2) A corporation issues common stock to replace its convertible bonds. The result is that liabilities decrease and stockholders' equity increases. 3) A corporation declares a cash dividend. A current liability Dividends Payable is created and the Retained Earnings (part of stockholders' equity) will decrease. 4) A stock dividend is declared. The paid-in capital section of stockholders' equity will increase and the retained earnings section will decrease.
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